Every dog lover can agree that pugs are adorable, loyal little dogs, which makes them a great choice as a pet.
However, their cute noses can often cause trouble for them. There is a lot of information to be aware of regarding breathing difficulties in Pugs, and why they occur.
Breathing Problems in Pugs
Pugs have very short muzzles, and round-shaped heads. Because of this, they are classified as “brachycephalic” dogs. The term brachycephalic comes from Greek origin, and means both “short” and “head”.
Because of their condition, Pugs are extremely heat-intolerant and can have difficulty breathing. Air travel is also not recommended for Pugs, due to air pressure changes.
Approximately half of all Pugs have stenotic nares, which means that their nostrils are too narrow in proportion to their noses.
In addition, dental issues can form as a result of the shape of their skulls. Their teeth can become crowded, which leads to a multitude of dental problems.
Because of these problems, it’s very important to have regular vet visits and checkups. Your veterinarian should be able to provide you with detailed Pug information and facts that may help you out.
Sounds Caused by the Pug Nose
Dogs don’t have nearly as many sweat glands as humans do, and so they have to find alternative ways to cool off. Panting is the biggest way that dogs cool off naturally, and it can ease heat discomfort for most dogs.
Panting is defined as rapid and quick shallow breathing, and it allows for heat to evaporate in the form of water vapor.
Dogs can pant up to a frequency of 300 to 400 breaths in each minute, but the typical rate is 30 to 40 in each minute. It doesn’t require a ton of effort.
Pugs have a tendency to snore, often due to the compressed structure of their heads and noses. The skin above their windpipe is often too long compared to their windpipe, and when combined with narrow nostrils, snoring can become common. Breathing can become even more restricted while a Pug is lying down.
It’s best to consult a veterinarian if you are concerned about your pug’s snoring. There is a minor medical procedure that can sometimes be done to make the nasal opening wider, which can result in easier breathing.
While it’s very important to keep your Pug at a healthy weight – which can make breathing easier – exercise should not be excessive. Long walks or hikes without frequent breaks are not good for Pugs. However, in good weather and temperatures, a quick 20 or 30-minute walk is often fine.
Always keep in mind, though, that if your Pug is showing signs of severe difficulty breathing, it’s best to stop and consult a veterinarian as soon as possible.
Heat and Cold Intolerance
Pugs have an intolerance to excess heat and they don’t like the cold too much either. Air inhaled through the mouth doesn’t become warm before reaching the lungs, and it can lead to heavy panting and struggling to breathe if your Pug is exposed to very cold temperatures.
Small daily periods of outdoor exercise are typically fine, especially if the temperature is between 68 degrees Fahrenheit and 74 degrees Fahrenheit. That is the ideal temperature range for Pugs, and owners should be cautious while having a Pug exposed to high or low temperatures. If possible, it is beneficial to keep indoor temperatures between that range as well.
Providing water to drink is extremely important, as it can help lower your Pug’s body temperature and prevent overheating.
Overall, Pugs are definitely inside dogs, and should not be kept outside for long periods of time. Minimal exposure to cold and hot temperatures is recommended for alleviating your Pug’s breathing difficulties.
These are some things Pug owners should keep in mind about their dog’s health. Although their nose and skull structure can cause Pugs to have breathing issues, it is typically possible to help them. There are minor things that can be done, in addition to potential medical procedures that your vet may recommend.
It’s always best to consult a veterinarian regarding any concerns you may have, and for more information.